The Creation of Markets for Ecosystem Services in the United States

The Creation of Markets for Ecosystem Services in the United States

The Challenge of Trading Places

By Mattijs van Maasakkers

The Creation of Markets for Ecosystem Services in the United States provides an in-depth analysis of the most advanced efforts to create markets for ecosystem services in the United States. It explains why very few of these markets have succeeded even after close to twenty years of scholarly enthusiasm, federal funding and concerted efforts by NGOs, government agencies and businesses.

Paperback, 166 Pages

ISBN:9781785271236

August 2019

£25.00

  • About This Book
  • Reviews
  • Author Information
  • Series
  • Table of Contents
  • Links

About This Book

The Creation of Markets for Ecosystem Services in the United States is a detailed, critical analysis of the most advanced efforts to create ecosystem services markets in the United States. With the help of in-depth case studies of three well-known attempts to create such markets––in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, the Ohio River basin and the Willamette River basin––the book explains why very few of these markets have actually succeeded even after close to two decades of much scholarly enthusiasm, significant federal funding and concerted efforts by NGOs, government agencies and private businesses.

Based on interviews, policy analysis and participatory observation, three features of markets for ecosystem services emerge as particularly problematic. First, the logic of displacement or the idea that particular elements of an ecosystem can be separated, quantified and traded across landscapes or watersheds runs counter to political interests, environmental beliefs and people’s connections to specific places. The second problem is that of measurement. By highlighting the long and often contentious histories of specific measurement systems used in ecosystem services markets, van Maasakkers shows that these quantification methods embed a range of assumptions and decisions about what counts when conserving or restoring (parts of) ecosystems. The third problem is related to participation in environmental decision-making. Since the requirements to buy offsets stem from federal and sometimes state regulations (based on the Clean Water Act or the Endangered Species Act), the opportunities and requirements for public participation are much more in line with typical policy implementation processes as opposed to voluntary decisions about buying and selling in an ideal typical market. How meaningful participation in this hybrid form of regulatory market is possible is not clear and not something that the proponents of markets have successfully dealt with, if at all.

 

Reviews

“This is a thoughtful and engaging history of the often misguided attempts to create markets for ecosystem services in the US and a guide to more participatory institutions that might work significantly better. Essential reading for anyone interested in ecosystem services.” Robert Costanza, Chair in Public Policy, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University

"Mattijs van Maasakkers’ The Creation of Markets for Ecosystem Services in the United States: The Challenge of Trading Places pulls readers into the complex relationship between environment and economy. In this multi-sited ethnography, Van Maasakkers hones in on three large-scale US conservation and restoration projects, exposing gaps in market-based approaches and the ultimate failure of the financialization of nature." —Anna Krol & Lisa Jean Moore, "Nature’s Worth: Using Human Markets to Value Ecosystems’ Contributions", Metropolitics, 20 February 2018.

Author Information

Mattijs van Maasakkers is an assistant professor of city and regional planning at Ohio State University. Trained at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, van Maasakkers’s research and teaching focus on the role of science and technology in environmental policy-making and implementation.

Series

No series for this title.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations; List of Interviews; Acknowledgments; 1. Introducing Ecosystems to the Marketplace; 2. Creating Places for Markets; 3. Producing Equivalence; 4. Developing Participation; 5. Trading Places; Bibliography; Index.

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