The Entrepreneurial State
Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myths
About This Book
‘Ms. Mazzucato provides a refreshing new take on rather stale debates on the economic role of government. […] “The Entrepreneurial State” is a forceful reminder that governments have a major role to play in building a highly productive, innovative and sustainable economy.’ — Andrew Jackson, ‘Globe and Mail’
‘In this trailblazing book on the role of government as both a risk-taking funder of innovation and a market creator, Mariana Mazzucato persuasively argues that the government is a key enabler of technological innovations that drive economic growth. […] This important book should be read by policymakers, opinion leaders, and others with a stake in funding economic growth.’ —' Arnold T. Davis, CFA Institute book review
‘This is a book whose time has come. Mariana Mazzucato documents how the state played a crucial role behind some of the landmark innovations of our time. For many, the “entrepreneurial state” is a contradiction in terms. For Mazzucato, it is both a reality and a requirement for future prosperity.’ —Dani Rodrik, Rafiq Hariri Professor of International Political Economy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
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This new bestseller from leading economist Mariana Mazzucato – named by the ‘New Republic’ as one of the 'most important innovation thinkers' today – is stirring up much-needed debates worldwide about the role of the State in innovation. Debunking the myth of a laggard State at odds with a dynamic public sector, Mazzucato reveals in case study after case study that in fact the opposite situation is true, with the private sector only finding the courage to invest after the entrepreneurial State has made the high-risk investments. Case studies include examples of the State’s role in the ‘green revolution’, in biotech and pharmaceuticals, as well as several detailed examples from Silicon Valley. In an intensely researched chapter, she reveals that every technology that makes the iPhone so ‘smart’ was government funded: the Internet, GPS, its touch-screen display and the voice-activated Siri. Mazzucato also controversially argues that in the history of modern capitalism the State has not only fixed market failures, but has also shaped and created markets, paving the way for new technologies and sectors that the private sector only ventures into once the initial risk has been assumed. And yet by not admitting the State’s role we are socializing only the risks, while privatizing the rewards in fewer hands. This, she argues, hurts both future innovation and equity in modern-day capitalism. Named one of the ‘2013 Books of the Year’ by the ‘Financial Times’ and recommended by ‘Forbes’ in its 2013 ‘creative leaders’ list, this book is a must-read for those interested in a refreshing take on the public vs. private sector debate.
Mariana Mazzucato is professor of economics at the University of Sussex (SPRU), where she holds the prestigious RM Philips Chair in Science and Technology Policy.
Table of Contents
List of Tables and Figures; List of Acronyms; Acknowledgements; Foreword by Carlota Perez; Introduction: Do Something Different; Chapter 1: From Crisis Ideology to the Division of Innovative Labour; Chapter 2: Technology, Innovation and Growth; Chapter 3: Risk-Taking State: From ‘De-risking’ to ‘Bring It On!’; Chapter 4: The Us Entrepreneurial State; Chapter 5: The State behind the iPhone; Chapter 6: Pushing vs. Nudging the Green Industrial Revolution; Chapter 7: Wind and Solar Power: Government Success Stories and Technology in Crisis; Chapter 8: Risks and Rewards: From Rotten Apples to Symbiotic Ecosystems; Chapter 9: Socialization of Risk and Privatization of Rewards: Can the Entrepreneurial State Eat Its Cake Too?; Chapter 10: Conclusion; Appendix; Bibliography; Index